The Terra Viva Grants Directory develops and manages information about grants for agriculture, energy, environment, and natural resources in the world's developing countries.

U.S. Tropical Forest Conservation Act

TFCA2Funding for biodiversity conservation in developing countries through programs to reduce their dollar debt to the U.S. government

Principal Office: USA


Launched in 1998, the Tropical Forest Conservation Act (TFCA) is a program of the U.S. Government to support forest conservation and debt relief in eligible developing countries.

Each participating developing country signs a bilateral agreement with the U.S. Government to fund forest conservation using that country’s currency, usually through local foundations that make grants to civil society organizations and communities. In exchange, the USA writes off a negotiated share of that country’s dollar debt, according to different options.

The TFCA is a mechanism to encourage public-private partnerships for conservation in the participating countries. Moreover, the program leverages co-financing contributions by conservation NGOs in the USA and in some of the TFCA’s recipient countries.

Grant Programs for Agriculture, Energy, Environment, Natural Resources

Tropical Forest Conservation. The TFCA helps fund the establishment and management of protected areas; practices for land and ecosystem management; actions for biodiversity conservation; ethno-botanical research; scientific and technical conservation training; and community enterprises based on forests and forest products.

To be eligible for participation in the TFCA, a developing country must have tropical forests; owe the U.S. Government qualifying debt; and meet certain political and economic criteria.

About program eligibility

APPLICATION: USAID hosts a small Secretariat in support of the TFCA. The Secretariat supports the implementation and oversight of TFCA agreements.

About the Secretariat

Geographical Distribution of Grant Activities in Developing Countries

Note: To date, the following countries have signed agreements with the TFCA — Bangladesh, Belize, Botswana, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Indonesia, Jamaica, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Philippines.


The TFCA is coordinated among the U.S. Department of the Treasury, the U.S. Department of State, and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).

The TFCA has helped stimulate the establishment of new grant-making organizations, or strengthen existing ones, in the countries where it operates. They include the following:

Grant seekers in these countries should learn about the grant-making strategies and processes of these foundations and funds. Many of them are important grant makers for conservation at national and local levels.

Last Profile Review

September 2019